What are CAT protections?
Pursuant to an international treaty known as the United Nations Convention Against Torture (CAT), the United States agreed to not deport/remove non-citizen aliens to countries where they would likely face torture or persecution. The form of relief in immigration court offered under this treaty are known as CAT protections.
In order for an individual to obtain this method of relief, he or she must prove that returning home to their country would likely result in his or her torture.
What is considered "torture" under CAT protections?
The definition of torture, under these provisions of relief, is severe physical/mental pain or suffering that a public official or similar role inflicts intentionally or allows.
Differing from the asylum requirements, the applicant does not need to show that the torture would be based on a certain social group, such as race, religion, nationality or political beliefs.
CAT recipients may live and work in the United States
Under the CAT protections, recipients of withholding of removal may receive temporary authorization to live and work in the United States, though they will not be provided a pathway to permanent resident status, a Green Card, or U.S. citizenship.
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